Friends Of Lake Forest Library Scholarship Essay

One Hundred Rare and Notable Books

A Selection Prepared in honor ofthe Renovated and Expanded Library’s 2004 Re-dedication

Compilers: Arthur H. Miller and Amit Shrestha ’07

Introduction
Books
Selected Bibliography

 


INTRODUCTION

The 2004 dedication of the renovated and expanded Donnelley and Lee Library of Lake Forest College marks the end of a transition, even a metamorphosis, and the beginning of a new era in the history of the College library—its collections and its programs.   From its earliest days in the mid 19th C. the institution’s library has been the repository of uncommon books (for example, from this selection #s 27, 93, and 95), an aspect of its unique location in Chicago’s leadership suburban community.  As the collections grew, matured and were shaped by generations of librarians and faculty they reflected the cultures among the institution’s constituencies—founders, trustees, faculty, alumni, students and friends.  This selection of one hundred rare and notable books mirrors this heritage and these perspectives while providing a laboratory for first-hand experience with landmark intellectual icons and with original materials for study.  The newly integrated James R. and Betsy Getz Archives and Special Collections Center serves at last as a fitting setting for this work of preserving and interpreting culture for new generations and for expanding knowledge through faculty and student research.

Betsy and the late James R. Getz of Lake Forest have led in stewardship of the College and of its libraries for a half century.  As a noted book collector and local resident, Mr. Getz chaired the College’s Library Committee beginning in the 1950s, an aspect of the institution’s Centennial preparation and celebration (1957).  A trustee from 1962 until his death in 1986, Mr. Getz helped work toward the new Freeman Science Library (1962) and—particularly—Donnelley Library (1965).  Since the mid 1980s Mrs. Getz has continued her late husband’s active involvement  in the life of the library. Today Mr. and Mrs. Getz’s gifts of books and of resources are integrated into this new center,  which bears both their names. The Getzes and the Buchanan Foundation made possible this new addition and renvewal of the four-decades-old Donnelley edifice, an effort led by trustee Laurence Lee of Lake Bluff and by his spouse, Barbara R. Lee, and for whom the building’s name has been expanded, as well.  

Special Collections Books—Their Scope and Their Liberal Arts Role

Typically within this one hundred titles the selections represent veins of collecting concentration within the whole—such as the Getzes’ interests in early Western and pre-historic Americana and also in literature—legacies  of ever broadening interests.  Books have come from donations and from purchases: from special gifts or from dedicated endowed funds, as noted below for each item.  This project of reviewing the collection for this occasion also has suggested, through its omissions, some areas for development  to match the wider institutional commitments to intellectual  balance,  inclusion and global study.  Perceived gaps in the holdings can challenge new generations to help broaden the collection to assure its on-going equilibrium within the curriculum and with the diversities of the faculty and student body.  As John Hill Burton wrote in The Book Hunter (2nd ed., 1900):

A great library cannot be constructed—it is the growth of ages.  You may buy books at any time with money, but you cannot make a library like one that has been a century or two a-growing, though you had the whole national debt to do it with. (p. 169)

Nicholas A. Basbanes quoted the first sentence of Burton’s observation on the opening page of the text of his 1994 book, A Gentle Madness: Bibliophiles, Bibliomanes, and the Eternal Passion for Books (Henry Holt), published a decade after the first personal computers were installed in Donnelley and, in part, in anti-modern reaction to the already-by-then ubiquitous internet.  As networked information has dramatically altered the distribution of information and the focus of libraries, Basbane’s book opens with stories of communing with physical books linked to history, experiences very much like touching the hand that touched the hand, etc.  For many liberal arts college students such direct connections with landmark books can intensify learning.  In the mid 1980s, for example, an Art Department seminar focused on one book, the 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle (#1), creating an exhibit and catalog (Nuremberg Chronicle: Do Not Let This Book Escape You, 1986).  Basbane quotes 19th C. Italian Renaissance historian John Addington Symons about Western culture’s debt to the scholar printers of the 1400s and 1500s who recorded history up to their time and preserved classical texts, to whom we “’owe in great measure the freedom of our spirits, our stores of intellectual enjoyment, our command of the past, our certainty of the future of human culture.’” Contact with some of these actual physical books can put students directly in touch with this crucial and often exciting period.

This particular choice group of books includes, in illustration of Basbanes’ point, the first printed edition in Greek of the first great historian, Thucydides (1502), by the Venetian innovative scholar-printer Aldus Manutius (#3) and also a 1721 Boston edition of key landmark texts of English liberty set by hand by a teenaged Benjamin Franklin, who in the 1780s would participate in drafting the U.S. Constitution (#42).  Other books equally dramatically evoke historic events.  One is a presentation copy of an 1884  pamphlet from Alexander Graham Bell to his nephew who in 1876 had been his family guinea pig, the first to try the other end of the inventor’s telephone line in his Harvard lab—the beginning-student/nephew being the first person ever to hear the human voice transmitted (#96).  Another 1945 limited edition book of sketches by artist Tom Lea of a September 15, 1944 U.S. invasion of a Japanese-held island east of the Philippines is bound in the green woven cloth of Marine battle fatigues (#89).  And a third such example is the poet Sylvia Plath’s copy of a 1956 guidebook to Cambridge University, which—according to research by Professor of English Emerita Ann Hentz—she marked up on arrival there from the U.S., a young student abroad (#90).  These books enable students to touch an object touched by the hand of participants in great events.

Rare and Notable—Some Criteria

This selection consists of a range of books rare and notable for a variety of reasons.  Supply and demand, or availability and degree of interest, provide general criteria.  Some books were created to be preserved, like the stately 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle (#1) and the 1931 limited-edition Powell overland narrative (#48).  But others, generated in quantity, were discarded casually at the time and survive only in a few known examples, such as the pamphlet version of Dr. King’s Letter From the Birmingham Jail and the 1878 Lakeside Cookbook (#s 50 and 57).  In some cases, books have been suppressed and destroyed, so that surviving copies are rare, as with the 1546 Hebrew Bible (#6).  Also, some otherwise widely obtainable or even common books can become sought-after for their “associations”—as mentioned above and also including, for example,  both the William Morris talk owned by T.E. Donnelley (#15) and the Ruskin utopian items owned and bound handsomely by Edith Rockefeller McCormick (#16).  Some books, too, have been “extra-illustrated” or augmented with often rare plates (engravings,  photographs), as in the 19th C. edition of Ovid (#28) and the Saint Mirin items (#77).  Others have been bound artfully, as in the Ruskin, by the Dove Bindery (#16) or in the 1831 Bury railroad plates, bound by the Donnelley Extra Bindery (#61).  Occasionally, as well, some books are of particular significance to the College and its constituencies, and thus here are considered notable: for example,  McCosh’s pioneering history of Scottish thought (#78), Kendall’s memoir of Maria Mitchell (#98) for whom a late 19th C. women’s residence hall was named (the predecessor of Lois Hall (1899), and Thompson’s recollections of the early days of the Onwentsia Club (#59). 

Acknowledgements  

Typically here sources for items are credited,  either for donations or for purchases.   But some donors, friends, and colleagues especially deserve expressions of appreciation for their active interest in the advancement of these collections.   Listed here chronologically in the order of the beginnings of their efforts, these persons include U.S. Senator Charles B. Farwell and his spouse Mary Evaline Smith Farwell and their alumni children and their spouses and descendants, William Bross and descendants, the Reid/Barnes family, John J. Halsey, Mabel Powell, Martha Biggs ’28, Elliott Donnelley and his family, Everett D. Graff ’06, Clarice Walther Hamill, James R. and Betsy Getz, George and Mary Beach, Ruth Winter,  the R.D. Stuart family and descendants, Alice and Edwin N. Asmann ’27 and family, Eugene Hotchkiss III, James M. Wells, Samuel and Marie-Louise Rosenthal and family, Jeffrey Rigby, DeWitt and Lou O’Kieffe, J. Howard (’22) and Barbara Wood, Kenneth Nebenzahl, descendants of early trustee Byron Laflin Smith, John T. (Jr.) and Susan Dart McCutcheon, Alice Judson Hayes, Kim Coventry, Franz Schulze, James Cubit, Shirely M. Paddock, John Gruber, Phyllis and Arthur D. Dubin ASTP ’47, and Lisel and Paul Mueller. Too numerous to list here, unfortunately, are the names of former and present faculty, administrators, staff, and library personnel—including generations of gifted and dedicated student assistants—who generously have contributed books and talents.  But their sterling efforts and commitment are represented in these one hundred uncommon titles, high points of this remarkable library of notable books, this “growth of ages.” 

Special thanks are due to Amit Shrestha ’07 who during the summer of 2004 took photographs, wrote some of the entries (as noted, below),  and provided editorial assistance with intelligence, insight, technical acumen, patience, and kindness—exemplifying the most valuable contributions of generations of library student assistants in Special Collections.  Grateful thanks are due as well to Franz Schulze,  James M. Wells, and Rima Kuprys ’06 for reading preliminary drafts of this project and contributing their helpful comments.  Errors and omissions, of course, are the author’s entirely—missteps on his path to knowing better and more.  

Arthur H. Miller
Archivist and Librarian for Special Collections  

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BOOKS
Early Printed Books, Before 1600

1. Schedel, Hartmann.  Das Buch der Chroniken [Nuremberg Chronicle]. Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 1493.  1809 woodcut illustrations (from 645 blocks) by Michael Wolgemut and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff. Large folio, bound in hand-tooled contemporary pigskin, with metal clasps; in a 20th C. buckram box. Goff S309, Printing and the Mind of Man 35.

Produced a generation after the first printed book was issued in Mainz, Germany by Johannes Gutenberg ca. 1455, this encyclopedic work was the first large-scaled publishing project, and the most heavily illustrated work of the era, with some woodcuts also attributed to the young Albrecht Dürer. Issued both in Latin and German, this copy in the latter tongue came from a German monastery. The library’s Chronicle was the subject of an Art Department seminar, which resulted in both an exhibit as well as a catalog: The Nuremberg Chronicle: Do Not Let This Book Escape You, 1986. Most recently this monumental volume was employed in Professor of Art Ann Roberts’s Prints class in 2003-04. Donor: Chicagoan Isaac Goldman, with the facilitation of the eminent bookseller Kenneth Nebenzahl, a North Shore resident.

2. Johannes de Lapide (ca. 1425-1496).  Resolutoriu[m] Dubioru[m] Circa Calebrat[I]onem Missaru[m] Occurentiu[m].  Strasbourg: Martin Flach, 1494.  Quarto, bound in early 20th C. quarter vellum, with an early printed page covering the boards. Goff J361.

Strasbourg was the city on the Rhine where Gutenberg had lived in political exile a decade prior to production in Mainz of his 1455 42-line Bible, which generally is considered the first printed book. A major printing as well as religious center, Strasbourg was home to several printers a half century after Gutenberg’s sojourn there.  Pamphlets originating north of the Alps and raising questions about the Catholic Mass in the early days of printing, such as this one by a humanist theologian, led up to the period of the Protestant Reformation especially in northwestern Europe.  There it was initiated by Martin Luther, a German, in the first half of the 16th C.  Purchase funded by Elliott Donnelley to acquire a notable book; from Hamill & Barker (Frances Hamill). 

3. Thucydides (ca. 460-ca. 404 BC).  [History of the Peloponnesian War, 5th C. B.C.].  Venice: Aldus Manutius, 1502. Bound in 20th C. vellum over boards.

This first printed edition of the first analytical, political, and psychological work of history and produced by the firm which invented modern scholarly printing indeed is a remarkable landmark book. The Athenian  historian Thucydides was a participant, exiled for twenty years after a military blunder, in the long war between Athens and Sparta, fought between 431 and 404 BC.  In his time away from Athens, he applied his great intellect to a review of the causes and personalities of the conflict. Though concerning a contemporary event, Thucydides’ substantial study, left incomplete after the end of his exile and his death, was a notably objective discussion. 

British cultural historian J.A. Symonds in his Renaissance in Italy (three volumes, 1875-86) considered Aldus (Teobaldo Mannucci, 1450-1515) “the greatest publisher who ever lived.”  The Aldine firm  introduced the appearance and scholarly approach of modern academic printed books, not much different than those on the general library shelves today. This is further exemplified in the library’s copy, from the late Mrs. Gordon Bent, of the long epic poem on the Romans’ Second Punic War (218-201 BC) by Tiberius Catus Silius Italicus (25/26–101), edited and published by Aldus’ family firm at Venice in 1523, after the printer’s 1515 death. Donor: the late William Odell, a Lake Forest resident, spouse of the late trustee Frances Odell and father of former assistant librarian Audrey Odell.    

4. Leto, Giulio Pomponio (1426-1497).  Opera Pomponii Laeti.  Romanae Historiae Compendium…  Strasbourg: Matthiæ Schürerij, 1510.  Bound with Valla, Lorenzo (1406-1457).  [De Elegantiis].  Strasbourg: M. Schurerij, 1512. Octavo restored, with a buckram box, by Jeffrey Rigby, New York.

These are two significant works by two notable Renaissance figures, who were able to serve both the Church and the new learning, as well.  The 1510-printed edition of the history of Rome by Laetus (Leto), the Renaissance founder of the Roman Academy, was bound together with Valla’s original and critically sophisticated  study of Latin grammar, style, and rhetoric. Valla was a key Italian humanist who went from criticizing the Church in Rome to being an apostolic secretary in the Vatican’s Curia, marking the acceptance of humanism over orthodoxy in mid 15th C. Rome.  Symonds reports that Valla “became the supreme authority on Latin style after the publication of his ‘Elegantia.’” These Italian humanist texts are presented  in medieval gothic style type, hand rubricated in color, with a medieval wood and half-leather binding, including one surviving full board with hooks for clasps.  Donor: Hobart C. Chatfield-Taylor, 1918, probably from the library of his just-deceased spouse, Rose (Farwell, Class of 1890), who studied bookbinding in Paris and had her own bindery in Chicago’s Fine Arts Building. The Chatfield-Taylors  are discussed and pictured in Schulze et al., 30 Miles North…, the College’s 2000-published history.  Restoration was supported on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund. 

5. Foresti, Jacobo Filippo de Bergamo (1434-1520).  Supplementum Supplementi Chronicarum: ab Ipso Mundi Exordio Usq[ue] ad Redemptoris Nostrae Annum MCCCCCX.  Venice: Georgi de Rusconibus, 1513. Folio, bound in quarter leather.

Another woodcut-illustrated, encyclopedic chronicle, this time up to 1510, included a medieval “T-O” map of the world, dating back to Isidor of Seville in the late 6th C. and in this reprinting oblivious of Columbus’ discoveries two decades earlier. The T in the O defined the three known continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa. Donor: the notable Chicago map and book dealer Kenneth Nebenzahl.

6. Biblia Hebraica. [Hebrew Bible].  Paris: Robert Estienne, 1546.  Books of Numbers, Deuteronomy, and Joshua/Judges in 1 small (duodecimo) vol., bound in gilt-tooled, decorated full red leather.

Books 4, 5, and 6 of a set of 17 issued by the leading French printer of the era.  Five years later, Robert, a Protestant, left Paris for Geneva, Switzerland, where he printed writings of Reformer John Calvin.  The book was carried out of Europe in the Nazi era, escaping the Holocaust. Today only a few surviving copies are reported in libraries.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from Rabbi Dresner, Deerfield, as part of a collection of Judaica acquired through the facilitation of Professor of Religion Ronald Miller. 

7. Bembo, Pietro (1470-1547).  Della Historia Vinitana. Venice: Gualtiero Scotto, 1552. Octavo, bound in contemporary vellum.

By a noted local native and churchman-scholar of the Renaissance period, Pietro Bembo, this history of Venice represents the strong Italian history coverage in the library’s Hamill collection. It is significant also for its unusual emblematic printer’s device, which was researched and reported in the literature by a former Technical Services Librarian, the late Joel M. Lee.  Originally published in the Library Quarterly in the early 1970s, Lee’s short article and the distinctive printer’s mark were reprinted in Printer’s Marks and Devices, ed. Howard Winger (Chicago: Caxton Club, 1976). Donor: From among some 6,500 volumes given by Lake Forest resident Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill (pictured in Coventry et al., Classic Country Estates…), from the library of her book collector spouse, Alfred E. Hamill (pictured in Miller and Paddock, Lake Forest…).

8. Alciati, Andrea.  Omnia Emblemata…. 4th ed. Antwerp: Christopher Plantin, 1581.  Octavo, bound in gilt-tooled full natural leather.

Andrea Alciati (1492-1550) was a legal scholar who is best remembered for his short moral, proverb-like sayings, his Emblemata. Influential for the next century and more, these first were published in 1531 and here are handsomely illustrated, to give graphic representations to the author’s iconographic, allegorical, and symbolic visions.  Plantin was a French born and trained printer/entrepreneur based  in Antwerp, who opened branches in Paris and Leyden, recalling Anton Koberger’s (#1) scale of operations a century earlier.  Donor: Professor of English Emerita Ann Hentz, from among a number of significant 16th and 17th C. volumes given by her.

9. Tasso, Torquato (1544-1595).  De Gerusalemme Conquistata.  Rome: Press of Guiglielmo Facciotti, 1593. Quarto, bound in contemporary vellum.

Tasso’s 1581-published epic poem of the first Crusade, known as Gerusalemme Liberata, a great work, was revised substantially and renamed for this edition, better to reflect the Counter-Reformation and anti-humanist scruples of the age.  It was dedicated to his patron, a cardinal and nephew of Pope Clement VIII. J.A. Symonds referred  to Tasso in two chapters as “the genius of that transition from the Renaissance to the Counter-Reformation”  and considered him one of the few masters of Italian literature—along with Petrarch, Dante, and Boccaccio—dominating his own era.   Between humanism and the Church, this text’s ambivalence is echoed in the physical book, which has both medieval and Renaissance characteristics.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from Kenneth Nebenzahl.

10. Plutarch (ca. 46-ca. 120).  The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romanes….  Translated from French into English by Thomas North. London: Richard Field for Bonham Norton, 1595. Quarto, bound in 20th C. full leather.  (Trsrm. DE 7 .P53 1595)

The Renaissance generally came to England later, reaching a high point in the age of playwright William Shakespeare (1564-1616).  Tucker Brooke, in A Literary History of England, ed. Albert C. Baugh (1948), described Shakespeare’s “greatest debt” from among the classic translations on which he relied to “what stylistically is the greatest translation of all”, North’s rendering of Plutarch into English from a modern French version, first printed at London in 1579.  The Donnelley and Lee Plutarch printing came out prior to the Bard’s 1599 stage debut of Julius Caesar, where the action follows Plutarch’s biographical sketch of Marcus Brutus (85?-42 BC).  Special Collections also has other notable classic texts and English translations which scholars have linked to Shakespeare’s work,  among them Professor Ann Hentz’s copies of the Henry VIII-commissioned  history of England in Latin  (Basel, 1534) by Polydore Vergil (ca. 1470-ca. 1555), which in turn was a major source, along with classical texts, for  Raphael Holinshed’s Chronicle… (1577). Donor: the late Elliott Donnelley.

See also #s 21, 31, and 71.     

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Revival of Printing and Binding

11. [Baskerville, John (1706-1775)].  Novum Testamentum [Bible.  N.T. Greek].  Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1763. Royal quarto, bound in “full dark blue old blind stamped morocco [leather], gilt edges, rebacked.” 

Almost at the same time that Robert Adam (#72) was publishing his 1764 book documenting Diocletian’s ancient villa, fostering neo-classical architecture in England, type designer Baskerville was leading the way back from Baroque decorated (#21) and even highly-cluttered  (#81) illustrated title-pages  and debased typography to the austerity and taste of classic Greek and Roman letters, without images for the title-pages or illustrations and as seen in some of the best printers (Aldus, Estienne) before 1550. The library also has the Hamill copy of the octavo edition.  Purchase: funded by a bequest from Dewitt O’Kieffe, at a Leslie Hindman auction of O’Kieffe estate titles; previous owner, Charles C. Kalbfleisch (book plate), #672 in the catalog of the sale of his collection, January 10 and 11, 1944—the source of the description quote, above.

12. Anacreon (ca. 560 B.C.-ca. 478 B.C.).  Odes. Parma, Italy: Bodoni, 1785.  Poetry in Greek type, with the commentary in Latin.  Bound withMusaeus (late 5th C. B.C.?).  [Hero and Leander]. Greek.  Parma: Bodoni, 1793.  Large quarto, bound in full vellum over boards, with late 19th C. marbled endpapers; in a buckram clamshell box by Jeffrey Rigby. (Trsrm. PA3865 .A1 1785)

Anacreon, a Greek lyric poet from Teos in Ionia, wrote pleasing odes about love and convivial pursuits, providing a model—in subject and verse form—for later poets.  Anacreontic meter is short-short-long-short-long-short-long-long.  The story of Hero and Leander, told in verse, is a tragic love story, about the high priestess at the Temple of Venus and her lover, who regularly swam across the Hellespont to meet her, until he died in the effort.  These rare works show the crisp classicism of North Italian type designer and printer-publisher Giambattista Bodoni (1740-1813), which was inspired by Baskerville’s return to classic form.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill, her late spouse having written his own poetry on Anacreontic subjects and being a connoisseur of Greek lettering and types; armorial bookplate for a previous owner, W.C. Benett.  

13. Morris, William (1834-1896).  The Earthly Paradise. London: Kelmscott Press, 1896-98.  8 vols.  Quarto, edition of 235 quarto copies, bound in full vellum with cloth ties. 

The first volume of Morris’s 1868-70 verse cycle of tales was issued only a month after the press’s masterpiece, The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. The Kelmscott Press, the last passion of the author-reformer (#36) against the shoddy mass-produced  goods of industrialization, created books that restored  medieval craft and style to printing.  Morris’s long verse narrative was a Chaucer-like group of Greek and medieval stories, and looked forward to a secular ideal of progress.  Donor: bequest of DeWitt O’Kieffe. 

14. Bible.  English.  London: Doves Press, 1903-05.  Hand-illuminated by Edward Johnston.  Folio, bound in vellum; restored and boxed (buckram) by the R. R. Donnelley & Sons Extra Bindery, under the guidance of Harold Tribolet.

With the Kelmscott Chaucer this ranks, according to Alan Thomas, as “one of the twin masterpieces of the revival movement and, in style, …is the less dated of the two….”  The highly simple design, in the vein of Baskerville, coupled with painstaking craftsmanship, makes this, according to Douglas McMurtrie, “a monument of dignity and restraint” by one of the first private presses established in the wake of Morris’s own, by his Kelmscott associate, Emery Walker, and T.J. Cobden-Sanderson.  The Bible’s Roman letters contrast with Kelmscott’s Gothic ones, finding their roots in ancient and renaissance, rather than medieval, models.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from The Newberry Library.

15. Lakeside Classics.  Chicago: R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company.  Vol. 1 (1903) annually to the present (through 2003, 101 vols.). Uniformly bound in gilt-tooled buckram by quarter centuries (1-25 dark green, 26-50 red, 51-75 blue, 76-100 brown, and 101-  light green).

This longest-running series of Americana began with Benjamin Franklin’s (# 42) Autobiography in 1903, and after 1911 developed as a series of engaging first-hand narratives relating to North America or by Americans.  Distributed at holiday time in December for customers, suppliers, employees, friends, and libraries, the volumes never have been for sale to the public. The series was created by then future Lake Forest resident T.E. Donnelley to show that excellent, simple printing in the mode of the Kelmscott and Doves presses could be accomplished on a mechanized, mass-production basis, by apprentices and company volunteers.

A complementary title in Special Collections is The Art of the People by William Morris (#s 13, 36), published by Chicagoan Ralph Fletcher Seymour in Kelmscott Press style, November 1902 (Inland Printers 2): “…the art we are striving for is a good thing which all can share, which will elevate all” (p. 25). Seymour, who also designed the type and decorations, presented one of the 225 copies to Donnelley. Donor: for the Classics, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company; for The Art of the People, Clarissa (Mrs. Charles) Haffner. She was the daughter of T.E. Donnelley, sister of late College trustee Elliott Donnelley, and mother of current trustee Chris Chandler.

16. [Doves Bindery]  Ruskin, John (1819-1900).  General Statement Explaining…the  St. George’s Guild [and the Master’s Reports for 1884 and 1885].  Sunnyside, Orpington, Kent, UK: George Allen, 1882, 1884, 1885.  Bound together in one gilt-tooled full leather quarto vol. by the Doves Bindery (1908), in a leather solander case by Riviere & Son.

This essay on his utopian, anti-capitalist and anti-modern experiment and two related reports by art and social critic John Ruskin (1819-1900) were bound together in one volume for Edith Rockefeller McCormick, whose bookplate can be seen on the inside front cover.  This delicate work was done while McCormick’s Lake Forest splendid Italian residence, now demolished, Villa Turicum, designed by Charles A. Platt, was under construction, and during the muckraker build-up to the 1911 dismemberment of her father’s—John D. Rockefeller’s—Standard Oil trust. Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from the Book Block, Greenwich, CT.

17. Browning, Elizabeth Barrett.   Sonnets From the Portuguese.  Montagnola, Italy: Officina Bodoni, 1925.  One of 220 quarto copies on hand-made paper, bound in vellum. 

This  high point of Victorian love poetry, noted for its romantic character, is set off by the austere, classic design of Giovanni Mardersteig’s handsome book, in the manner of Cobden-Sanderson.  The creative tension between form and content is palpable. The Officina Bodoni represents the best of the continental revival of printing in the era following Morris and Cobden-Sanderson (#14). Donor: bequest of James R. Getz.

18. Alighieri, Dante (1265-1321).  …The Comedy of Dante Alighieri of Florence Called the Divine Comedy; a Line-for-Line Translation in the Rime-form of the Original.   Trans. Melville Best Anderson.  3 vols.  San Francisco: John Henry Nash, 1929; with v. 4. Melville Best Anderson, The Florence of Dante Alighieri, The Dante of All the World. Folio, bound in gilt-tooled vellum over boards, in cloth sleeves.  Copy 223 of 230 for sale, of 250 printed.  

Roots of the coming Renaissance in Italy can be traced  back to Dante’s landmark allegorical long poem in Italian, the Divine Comedy, which also sums up the medieval, church-centered world view.  Hellmut Lehmann-Haupt referred to the printer, Nash, as “the pioneer and dean of modern fine printing in California”, where the critic found a “real school of fine book-making.”  Another acolyte of Cobden-Sanderson, the Canadian-born Nash (1871-1947) brought the heady air of the Renaissance in the Tuscan hills to the Bay area for this most monumental work of his press.  A fitting complement in the library’s collection is Franz von Bayros’s Sixty Illustrations toDante’s Divine Comedy (1926).  Donor: bequest of DeWitt O’Kieffe. 

19. Hamill, Clarice.  Mexican Bouquet.  Lake Forest: Pocahontas Press, 1946.  [With thirty-nine illustrations hand colored by the author.]  205 copies designed by Suzette Hamill and printed by George Domke. Duodecimo, bound in gilt-stamped green buckram. Inland Printers 70

Alfred and Clarice Hamill of Lake Forest were frequent visitors to Mexico, knowing the land and its culture well.  Alfred was a book collector and had his own Mexican book collection book plate designed, using his usual centaur motif, but a skeleton in this case, a reference to the Day of the Dead (# 65).  Suzette Morton Hamill was their daughter-in-law, and proprietress of the Pocahontas Press, a notable Chicago-area private press of the day. Mrs. Hamill painstakingly hand-painted the jewel-like illustrations in each copy and one recipient recalls waiting almost a year for her to get around to finishing his copy.  Donors: the library owns three copies of this book—from Phoebe Bentley, one of Mrs. Hamill’s Lake Forest Garden Club friends; from the classic designer/publisher Suzette Morton; and from Edwin Asmann ’27, originally from the Lake Forest Library.  

20. Bewick, Thomas, James M. Wells and R. Hunter Middleton.  A Portfolio of Thomas Bewick Wood Engravings.  Introduction by James M. Wells.  Chicago: The Newberry Library for the Cherryburn Press, 1970. 1 quarto vol. and two portfolios (100 prints in all), large quarto size, in a paper-covered slip-case. 150 copies.

Bewick (1753-1828), from the north of England, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica “was a brilliant technical innovator” as a printer and artist, who “rediscovered”  Renaissance wood engraving to create prints, from his own water color studies.  After a shipload of 1,300 early 19th C. Bewick wood blocks—the bulk of the artist’s work, crossed the Atlantic from Britain to Chicago safely in World War II, type designer Bob Middleton acquired  a number of them (after about half were acquired by the Newberry from the locl book dealer, Ben Abramson). Soon Middleton began his avocational career as the modern re-discoverer, in turn, of Bewick’s wood engraving art.  He accomplished this, as Wells describes it, through careful printing of the interiors of the carved areas of the engraved blocks.  This library also has one of the Bewick cherrywood vignette blocks from Middleton, with fifty sheets printed by him and the printer’s make-ready for reaching the block interior’s details.  Purchase: Portfoilio and block both on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from the late Everett Sentman, a Lake Forest resident.  

See also #s 28-29, 34, 49, 60-61, 69, 71, 79, 82 and 84.

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Art and Illustration

21. Scultori, Adamo (ca. 1530-1587).  Michael Angelus Bonarotus Pinxit/Adam Sculptor Mantuanus.  Rome?: ca. 1580.  73 engravings, rebound on large quarto paper, in buckram.

A Renaissance-era effort to disseminate by prints the art of Michelangelo, master artist of the Sistine Chapel ceiling and other works.  American art historian Bernard Berenson judged Michelangelo the first Renaissance artist to achieve, through his painting, the level of Greek sculpture in the study of the nude human form.  For the front cover this little booklet the cartouche or frame from the Scultori’s title-page has been reproduced.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill.     

22. Gilpin, William (1724-1804).  Three Essays: On Picturesque Beauty; On Picturesque Travel; and on Sketching Landscape: To Which is Added a Poem, On Landscape Painting. Second edition. London: R. Balmire, 1794.  Illus. with 7 plates, colored and with some of them folding.  Bound withWilliam Gilpin.  An Essay on Prints.  Fifth edition.  London: T. Cadell and W. Davis, 1802.  Quarto, bound in contemporary gilt-tooled full leather, with a restored spine.

Gilpin was the true pioneer of the picturesque—wild, natural sights vs. controlled, landscaped beauty—something Uvedale Price later would develop theoretically.  During the continental wars of the period wild British scenery was rediscovered by the Rev. Gilpin’s public.  His water colors, seen in these 7 folding plates, later influenced the landscape gardener Humphrey Repton.  His popular book on appreciation of prints is related, as he encouraged tourists to view scenery as they would the art of prints. Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from Titles, Inc. (Florence Shay), Highland Park.      

23. Novelli, Francesco (1764-1836).   Disegni del Mantegna.  Venice, 1795.  Folio, bound in contemporary green paper-covered boards. 

As determined by Technical Services Librarian Eileen Karsten, research in the last few decades has determined that Novelli’s engravings were based on drawings by Marco Zoppo (1432/33-78) of Padua, rather than on work by Mantegna.  The subjects of some of the images remain an issue ( according to scholars, perhaps created  to illustrate Ovid’s Metamorphoses [see #28 just below] and a few possibly homoerotic in character), though there are some notable Madonna and Child scenes.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill, from her late spouse’s library; previously from the collection of Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

24. [Rowlandson, Thomas, 1756-1827].  Combe, William.  The Tour of Doctor Syntax in Search of the Picturesque.  …Consolation.  …a Wife. London: Ackerman, 1812, 1820, and 1821, respectively. 3 vols. Quarto bound uniformly in tan full leather boards, tooled in gold, red and green. Tooley 427, 428, 429. 

Rowlandson was England’s greatest caricaturist and one of its greatest artists, according to Alan Thomas.  This fine draftsman was talented but undisciplined, and the highly-successful German-immigrant print publisher and seller Rudolf Ackerman (1764-1834) harnessed Rowlandson’s talents and turned them to prints, to his Repository of the Arts periodical, and eventually to a series of Doctor Syntax books with texts written by William Combe, illustrated with Rowlandson’s art.  The first title pokes fun of the English vogue in the previous decades for wild, natural landscapes —perhaps especially at the earnest Rev. Gilpin (#22).  Donor: Edwin N. Asmann ’27.

25. Martial Achievements of Great Britain and Her Allies, From 1799 to 1815.  London: J.S. Jenkins, [1815].  Folio, with 53 hand-colored aquatints; bound in full, gilt-tooled red leather, with marbled endpapers, by Baynton (Riviere, Bath, England), with a modern red buckram slipcase. Tooley 281.

Dedicated to the Duke of Wellington, who at Waterloo in 1815 ended Britain’s two decade-long struggle with France’s Napoleon. The battlefield scenes of these prints were of the style which persisted through the American Civil War, 1861-65, with its lithographed Currier & Ives views. These striking and vivid images are superb examples from the high period of English colored prints.  Donor: the late James Patterson, from the library of his father, Joseph Medill Patterson (#38).   

26. Maund, Benjamin (1790-1863).  Botanic Garden, Consisting of Highly Finished Representations of Hardy Ornamental Flowering Plants, Cultivated in Britain….  London: Simpkin & Marshall, 1825- vols. 1-5. Quarto, bound in quarter leather with marbled paper-covered boards.

Color illustrated books were in vogue in early 19th C. Britain, as was the proliferation of plants coming to the country from other lands.  The beginning volumes of one of the series of such illustrative botanic periodicals is the example here. Donor: Edwin Asmann ’27, formerly from the collections of Lake Forest residents Ellen Thorne and Hermon Dunlap Smith and from the library of Lane Seminary, Cincinnati (#35).             

27. Loudon, John Claudius (1783-1843).  Arboretum et Fruticetium Britannicum; or The Trees and Shrubs of Britain, Native and Foreign, Hardy and Half-Hardy, Pictorially and Botannically Delineated, and Scientifically and Popularly Described,….  Second edition.  London: Henry G. Bohn, 1854.  8 vols. (vol. 8 plates).  Bound in publisher’s stamped cloth.

Regency England’s most influential horticultural journalist, Loudon was trained in horticulture and landscape gardening.  His 1838-published work on trees, here represented in its second London edition, was his major work.  With his interest in exotic plants as botanical specimens, he promulgated the idea of the “gardenesque” approach to landscape, with the focus on the particular rather than the whole. A related work in Special Collections is North American Sylva by F. Andrew Michaux (Philadelphia : Rice, Rutter, 1865), 3 vols. with colored engravings, from the James R. Getz bequest. Donor: campus neighbor and trustee Harvey M. Thompson, to the institution prior to 1876 (when the college-level program was re-established), one of the earliest surviving library holdings.     

28. [Ovid] Publius Ovidus Naso (43 BC-17 AD).  The Metamorphoses, Translated in English Blank Verse by Henry King.  Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1871.  4 vols.  Octavo, extra-illustrated with plates from three earlier editions; bound by Ringer in green, gilt-tooled full leather.

Extra-illustrated books were a print-collecting vogue of the late 19th C. Little discussed through much of the 20th C. by bookmen who abhorred the break-up of earlier books, nonetheless they can be treasure troves of uncommon illustrations. The library holds several such works. In this case the three editions whose plates are incorporated in this at-that-time current one-volume text are those of Augsburg, 1681, Madrid 1805, and another perhaps being Dutch early 18th C., but not yet identified—the two which are known appearing to be quite rare.  The distinguished Augustan poet’s 11,000 line verse narrative told of ancient legends and tales of remarkable transformations and changes—a major source for later poets, including Chaucer and Shakespeare.  Donor: Lake Forest Library (town), from a donation by Alfred E. Hamill, with his bookplate. 

29. Clarence Buckingham Collection  of Japanese Prints: The Primitives.  Catalogue by Helen C. Gunsaulus.  Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1955.  Number 52 of 500 copies, designed by Suzette Morton Zurcher.  Large folio, bound in publisher’s terra cotta buckram, with a matching buckram slipcase. Inland Printers p. 36.

Buckingham began collecting Japanese prints after the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago, where the Japanese pavilion on the Wooded Isle had impressed many Chicagoans, including Frank Lloyd Wright.  At the time of publication the Art Institute could claim to have one of the best such collections of primitive Japanese prints in the world, rivaled only by Boston’s Museum of Fine Arts.  The large-scaled  catalogue, designed by a neighbor and friend of the College (# 19), was printed at the Anthoesen Press, Portland, Maine, with the plates crafted at the Meridan Gravure Company, Meridan, CT.  Donors: Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Woods, campus neighbors; the late Mr. Woods was a former Art Institute of Chicago board chair.    

30. Sheridan, Sonia, compiler.  Screen Prints 1970.  Chicago: School of the Art Institute and Advance Screen Company, 1970.  Folio edition of 180 sets of 75 prints.

In an era of great social and political change, 74 young artists around the School of the Art Institute collaborated on a collection of limited edition prints, diverse in subject and approach, with some of the artists being mentioned in Professor Emeritus of Art Franz Schulze’s 1972 book on recent Chicago art, Fantastic Images.  One highlight in the collection is Ed Paschke’s “Untitled”—a pop portrait of Frank Sinatra.  Donor: The late Lake Forest resident Richard Templeton, a former Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, board chair.  

See also #s 1, 8, 13, 18-20, 41, 43, 45, 49, 51, 56, 61, 64-65, 67-75, 77, 80-86, 88-89, 92, and 94.  

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Literature

31. Ronsard, Pierre de (1524-1585).  Oeuvres Completes….  With corrections and additions.  Paris: 1584.  Folio, bound in contemporary full natural leather.

Perhaps never since has a French literary figure dominated his age as did the Renaissance poet Ronsard. The library’s hefty edition of his complete works, his fourth during his lifetime, was published shortly before his death, and with many changes and new material.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill. 

32. The Spectator.  London.  Nos. 1 to 193 (March 1 to September 29, 1711). Original large quarto issues, rebound in quarter buckram and marbleized paper boards, with a buckram box, by Jeffrey Rigby, New York.

Richard Steele’s second periodical, The Spectator, followed the Tatler of 1709, and was a vehicle for the brilliant essayist Joseph Addison.  The Spectator, with its frank discussions of cultural and social topics and its barbed wit, set the model for modern periodicals, such as today’s New Yorker.  Reprinted and anthologized frequently over the next two and half centuries, this grouping of original issues bound together is all the more arresting as a cultural artifact. Donor: the late Mrs. Gordon Bent, a Lake Forest resident, from the library of her father, Detroit-area collector Sidney Miller. 

33. Dana, Richard Henry.  Two Years Before the Mast, a Personal Narrative of Life at Sea.  The Family Library No. CVL [106].  New York: Harper & Brothers, 1840.  Duodecimo; first edition, first issue (The advertisements, rear cover, stop at 105, the letter I in in the year of the copyright notice is dotted, and the headline on p. 9 is “perfect.”).  In half-morocco protective slip case. Zamorano 26, Grolier 100 #46, Howes D49 and Graff 998. (Call number Treas. Rm. G 540 .D2 1840)

In U.S.iana (1962) the legendary Americana bibliographer and Chicagoan Wright Howes observed that “this account of California in 1835 and 1836 surpassed in popularity all other books relating to that state.”  In addition, the author claimed that his was the first description of the life of common seamen from within, by one who had shipped as a part of crew, rather than as either an officer or passenger. Melville soon would employ this seaman’s point of view in his sea novels, including Typee (1846) and Moby-Dick (#34). Donor: Mrs. DeWitt O’Kieffe, from the library of her late spouse.

34. Melville, Herman (1819-1891).  Moby-Dick, or The Whale.  New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851.  First American edition, after the London appearance of The Whale.  Octavo, bound in publisher’s stamped red cloth, restored and in a buckram box by Jeffrey Rigby, New York. Grolier 100 #60, Tanselle 2.

Through most of the 20th C. America’s most significant novel, Moby-Dick incorporated many contemporary themes into an epic clash of man with nature, in the figure of the great white whale, Moby-Dick. The 1851 novel was a commercial failure during the author’s lifetime; the library also has a copy of the book’s very small fourth printing of 1871—two decades before Melville’s death.  Moby-Dick’s iconic status by 1930 was solidified by the Lakeside Press three-volume limited edition, illustrated by Rockwell Kent.  This title represents here the library’s collection of important first, standard and limited editions of classic U.S. authors of fiction, including the first edition, first issue of Samuel Clemens’ (Mark Twain’s) Huckleberry Finn and the New York edition of the novels of Henry James. Donor: Assistant librarian Emerita Joann Lee (Schaffer), 1984, after having retrieved it years earlier when it was weeded from the library collection; formerly of the library of first career faculty member John J. Halsey; restored on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund.   

35. Stowe, Harriet Beecher (1811-1896).  Uncle Tom’s Cabin….  Boston and Cleveland: John P. Jewett & Company; Jewett, Proctor & Worthington, 1852.  2 vols.; v. 2 the fortieth thousand.  bound in publisher’s stamped cloth. Grolier 100 #61, Printing and The Mind of Man 519, Blanck 19343. 

This novel of the hardships of slaves and their harrowing escape generally is considered to be among the causes of anti-slavery fervor which led to the American Civil War, 1861-65, and, thus, to Chicago’s position as gateway to the West.  Mrs. Stowe was the daughter of latter-day Puritan divine Lyman Beecher, of Lane Seminary in Cincinnati, where Lake Forest founder the Rev. R.W. Patterson was his favorite pupil in the late 1830s. At that time, too, Prof. and Mrs. Stowe also were a faculty family, as was Lake Forest’s founding Dickinson family.  Roxana Beecher, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s niece, was Lake Forest’s first public school teacher, 1860-63, in a racially integrated school.  Donor: the late Mrs. Louis E. (June) Laflin, Jr., a Lake Forest resident, from the library of her late spouse’s New-England-descendant pioneer Chicago family.      

36. Oxford and Cambridge Magazine.  London: 1856-57.  Quarto, bound in dark blue, gilt-tooled  full leather, with gilded fore-edges.

This was an undergraduate periodical conducted by the young William Morris and the young Edward Burne-Jones, who followed the teachings of critic John Ruskin (#16). The pair would collaborate over their careers to revolutionize  taste in Britain and the western world to oppose the shoddy products and inhumanity of industrialization, with its mass production and to embrace anti-modern medievalism and uniquely crafted art and decorative objects. (See above #s 13 and 15.)  Donor: Phoebe Norcross (Mrs. Richard) Bentley. 

37. Cather, Willa (1873-1947).  The Troll Garden.  New York: McClure Phillips, 1905.  First edition, first issue.  Octavo, bound in publisher’s pressed boards, in a purple leather solander case.

Midwestern novelist Willa Cather’s first work of prose fiction, several stories assembled under the title of The Troll Garden, helped the teacher/author to gain the position of managing editor at McClure’s, the leading muckraking periodical based in New York.  This, in turn, gave her the opportunity to write her first novel, Alexander’s Bridge (1912), and, from then on, to devote herself to her writing. Two of the stories in The Troll Garden (“The Sculptor’s Funeral” and “Paul’s Case”) in recent scholarship have been seen as dealing with gay/lesbian subjects.  Donor: Mrs. George R. (Mary) Beach, Jr., from among her gift of significant books from former trustee chair Beach, including his extensive collection of Cather first editions.       

38. Patterson, Joseph Medill (1879-1946).  Confessions of a Drone, Marshall Field’s Will, and the Socialist Machine.  Pocket Library of Socialism, no. 45.  Chicago: Charles H. Kerr & Company, n.d. [ca. 1907].  Duodecimo paperback pamphlet.

Republished from periodical appearances (respectively, The Independent, Collier’s, and The Saturday Evening Post), these views by the privileged grandson of ChicagoTribune publisher Joseph Medill and Lake Forest founder the Rev. R.W. Patterson reflected the young Yale graduate’s criticism of capitalism and inherited wealth and his infatuation with the Socialist Party.  While he soon abandoned his political affiliation, he remained a lifelong critic of elite foibles and voice for the common man. For the next decade he wrote fiction and plays, with critic H.L. Mencken including him in his 1917 essay on the Chicago Literary Renaissance. After 1910 Patterson also shared publishing responsibilities for the Tribune and in 1919 founded for the Tribune Company the New York Daily News, the country’s first tabloid and best-selling paper during most of the 20th C.  His personal and News papers are in Special Collections, the gift of his late son, James, and his spouse, Dorothy, Patterson.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund.

39. Yezierska, Anzia (1885? –1970).  Salome of the Tenements.  New York: Boni & Liveright, 1923.  First edition. Octavo bound in color-decorated publisher’s cloth.

The author arrived in New York from Russia in 1901.  Her tales and novels, beginning in 1920, described the hard life in the city’s sweatshops for women garment workers and in the Jewish immigrant ghetto.  Salome... was the first of four novels, following her 1920 collection of tales, Hungry Hearts.  Also published in 1920 was F. Scott Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise, the New York area subjects of which contrast strikingly with those of this author.  Yezierska’s work was introduced into American Studies course work by Professor of History Emeritus Arthur Zilversmit in the 1970s.  Purchase: George R. Beach, Jr. Fund.       

40. Davis, Frank Marshall (1905 – 1987).  47th Street: Poems.  Prairie City, Illinois: the Decker Press, 1948. Octavo, bound in buckram with a photograph, apparently by the author, on the dust-jacket.  

Davis, executive editor of the American Negro Press and of the Chicago Star, wrote these poems about the heart of the African-American South Side of Chicago.  The area then was in the midst of the diaspora of southern sharecroppers following the 1944 invention of the cotton picking machine.  In his poem “To Those Who Sing America” he chides flag wavers who sing “My country! ’Tis of Thee” and leave out the disenfranchised and poor minority Americans. Davis’s career as an outspoken literary activist soon ended, with the onset of the politically reactionary McCarthy era. His powerful work was re-discovered by the next generation. It can be seen, though, as having contributed to the Chicago literary scene, which in 1949 yielded up the decade-younger Gwendolyn Brooks’ volume of poems, Annie Allen.  This book in 1950 won for Brooks the first Pulitzer Prize granted to an African-American.   Donor: Jeremy T. Mosey, son of the late Ellen Mosey, College public relations director from the 1950s to the early 1970s, to whom this copy was presented and signed by the author on September 21, 1948.

See also #s 4, 8-10, 12-13, 15, 17-18, 22. 24. 28. 50, 53, 55, 58-60, 69, 79, 88-90, and 97.

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Americana

41. Hennepin, Louis.  A New Discovery of a Vast Country in America… With a Description of the Great Lakes….  London: Henry Bonwicke, 1699.  2 octavo vols. in 1; 2 maps and 7 plates (incl. frontispiece).  Rebound in full leather. Howes H416.

Bibliographer of Americana Wright Howes (U.S.iana, 1962) referred to Hennepin as that “rascally friar” who wrote the first volume of this work, initially published in Paris in 1683, a “fairly reliable  account”  of his voyage up the Mississippi from Illinois to the falls of St. Anthony, and using for the first time the appellation “Louisiana”.  But the second book, first published in Utrecht in 1697, was fabricated, earning for its author Howes’s displeasure.  Hennepin’s account represents the French era in the western Great Lakes, from the 1630s to the 1760s, after which control was ceded to Britain.  The state of French knowledge of the western hemisphere in general and of the Great Lakes in particular is illustrated in L’Amerique en Plvsiers Cartes… by Nicholas Sanson d’Abbeville (1600-1667), published in Paris in 1657.  It includes the first map to show five Great Lakes, with the south end of Lake Michigan left open for the French explorers of the 1670s and 1680s.  The Donnelley and Lee Hennepin copy is complete in this rare edition, following the best “Tonson” issue of 1698, the first year it was translated into English. Donors: for Henepin, bequest of James R. Getz; for Sanson d’Abbeville’s 1657 atlas, Edwin N. Asmann ’27, a former owner being being Lake Forest resident collector Hermon Dunlap Smith.   

42. [Franklin, Benjamin]. Care, Henry (1646 –1688). English Liberties, or The Free-born Subject’s Inheritance. 5th Edition.  Boston: Printed by J. Franklin, for N. Buttolph, B. Eliot, and D. Henchman, 1721.  Rebound in full leather, washed and de-acidified, with a buckram clamshell box, all by Jeffrey Rigby, New York. Evans 2208. 

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), as a young man in his mid-teens, was an apprentice in his brother James’s Boston printing shop when this 288-page reprinting of standard texts on the rights of English citizens was produced there: the type set by hand, letter by letter, printed by hand on a press, etc.  Included were the Magna Carta, the basic 13th C. source of English non-royal authority and the Habeas Corpus Act, along with much more relating to the precedents in history and law for limitations on royal power, through the English Civil War of the previous century.  Six and one half decades later Franklin helped frame the U.S. Constitution. Donor: Chicago Historical Society; previously from the American Antiquarian Society. Restoration on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund.

43. Imlay, Gilbert. A Topographical Description of the Western Territory….  London: J. Debrett, 1797.  Third edition.  Quarto, bound later in full tooled black leather, with a gilt-tooled spine; 4 maps and plans. Howes I12, Graff 2091. 

According to Howes, this work of Imlay’s, in this final “best” 1797 edition, included many original narratives, with the full works of Filson and Hutchins.  At the end of the 18th C. it gave the best information on the trans-Allegheny region.  Newly made U.S. territory by the 1780s end of the American Revolution, the midwest was coveted still by Britain, leading to the War of 1812.  The folding map opposite the title-page shows a mountain range running diagonally across Illinois, west of the Chicago River, which should be of interest to prospective students from Colorado.  Donor: the bequest of James R. Getz.   

44. [Revere, Paul].  “Col. Revere’s Letter to the Corresponding Secretary.”  In Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol. 5, no. 2 (1798), 106-112.  Protected in a blue buckram slipcase.

In this copy, transferred from the Chicago Historical Society in the mid 1980s, is an exhibit label: “The first authentic account of Paul Revere’s ride published in this letter….”  Early in Revere’s narrative, dated January 1, 1798, he comments on the concerns about British troops’ movements to suppress colonists’ efforts to prepare for confrontation. Worried that a quick move would catch the colonists off guard, a small group decided on a signal: “…if the British went out by water, we would shew [sic] two lanterns in the north church steeple; and if by land, one, as a signal;…” (107).  This plan was immortalized two thirds of a century later in New England and New-England-diaspora mythology by Henry W. Longfellow’s poem “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere.”  Donor: Chicago Historical Society, from the library of Lake Forest resident Charles B. Pike.

45. Gass, Patrick (1771-1870).  A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery Under the Command of Captain Lewis and Captain Clarke, from the Mouth of the River Missouri, through the Interior Parts of North America, to the Pacific Ocean; During the Years 1804, 1805, & 1806.  By…., One of the Persons Employed in the Expedition.  London: Printed for J. Budd, 1808. Octavo, bound in quarter leather. Howes G77, Graff 1517.

This is the first London edition of Gass’s first Pittsburgh edition of 1807.  According to Wright Howes, this is the “earliest full first-hand narrative of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, preceding the official account seven years.”  The English preface stresses that Gass was not in authority and therefore this can be taken as a more reliable account of the real state of the country described than would be an official account, motivated by self interest, which is “generally prevalent in America.”  Special Collections also has the Getz copy of History of the Expedition Under the Captains Lewis and Clark… (Phila, 1814), 2 vols., the first edition of the official report, which Howes considered most rare (Grolier 100 #30, Howes L317, and Graff 2777). Added to vol. I of this copy is the London 1814 large fold-out map by William Clark. Donor: for all, the bequest of James R. Getz.

46. Homes of American Statesmen: with Anecdotal, Personal, and Descriptive Sketches by Various Writers.  New York: G. P. Putnam, 1854. Bound in stamped full leather. Sabin 32741.

This volume includes as its frontispiece, opposite the title-page, a photographic view of John Hancock’s residence in Boston labeled in pencil “Hancock House, Boston, an original sun picture.”  Next to the image there is a seal or embossed stamp of the pioneer Boston photographer, John Adams Whipple (1822 – 1891).  This is thought to be the first photograph to appear in an American book publication.  Donor: Chicago Historical Society, from a 1909 gift of Julius Frankel.

47. McGlashan, Charles F.  History of the Donner Party: a Tragedy of the Sierras.  Truckee, CA: Crowley & McGlashan, 1879. Bound in original red stamped publisher’s cloth-covered boards, boxed by the Extra Bindery of the Lakeside Press [R.R. Donnelley], Chicago.  Zamorano 53, Howes M102, and Graff 2610.

This is the “best account of the most harrowing of all overland disasters,” according to bibliographer Wright Howes. A band of 1846 overland emigrants from the East to California late in the season got snowed in crossing the Sierra mountains of east central California.  Stuck for the winter, in the end the survivors resorted to cannibalism.  The author had access to hundreds of letters and manuscripts from survivors and he interviewed some of the key actors in the incident.  Donor: Mrs. DeWitt O’Kieffe, from the library of her late spouse. 

48. Jackson, Helen Hunt.  Century of Dishonor.  New York: Harper and Brothers, 1881. First edition. Ramona. First edition. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1884. Publishers’ buckram-covered boards; the latter in a box by the Lakeside Press Extra Bindery. Zamorano 46 and Blanck 10444, 10456. 

These two books were this New England born immigrant to the West’s two most important works, the former a study of the abuses and inadequacies of the system for the care of Native Americans and the latter, a novel on the same subject, considered “the Uncle Tom’s Cabin [#35] of California.”  Sources: respectively, purchase on the Everett Graff ’06 Fund and gift of Mrs. DeWitt O’Kieffe, from her late spouse’s library. 

49. Powell, H.M.T.  The Santa Fe Trail to California 1849-52, the Journal and Drawings of H.M.T. Powell.  San Francisco: Book Club of California, [1931]. Folio, printed by the Grabhorn Press; one of fifteen out of 300 copies hand-colored by E. and R. Grabhorn; including one drawing from the Powell’s original scrapbook, as noted in handwriting and signed by E. Grabhorn on the back of the drawing; bound in full, gilt-tooled leather, in a buckram box. Howes P525, Graff 3334.

Western overland narratives have been much sought after by collectors and historians (see above # 47 McGlashan, The History of the Donner Party…, 1879, and # 62 below Reid, John C., Reid’s Tramp…, 1858), as records of the migrations across the plains in the mid-19th C. and as observations on the state of the natural and built environment and of the people. (See an article by Everett Graff ’06 in The Westerners’ Brand Book, Chicago, 1944.) Powell’s narrative was first printed in this very respectful format in 1931, by the Grabhorns, mid-century fine printers beginning late in the era of John Henry Nash (# 18).  Donor: bequest of DeWitt O’Kieffe.

50. “Unwise and Untimely”? A Letter from Eight Alabama Clergymen to Martin Luther King Jr. and His Reply to Them on Order and Common Sense, the Law and Justice, Nonviolence and Love.  Nyack, NY: Fellowship of Reconciliation, [1964].  Pamphlet, saddle-stitched.  (Trsm. E 135.61 .K535 1964)

The events of the Civil Rights Movement, from April to August of 1963, were momentous ones—from the jailing  of Dr. King in Birmingham, AL early that year to the March on Washington in August, which culminated in the now-famous “I Have A Dream” speech of Dr. King’s.  This pamphlet contains, first, both the Birmingham ministers’ letter to King in jail, on April 12, and also King’s response to their letter. Dr. King’s April 16 reply to the eight ministers’ letter, which had urged him not to rock the boat in Birmingham, is a classic example of a persuasive argument and recalling the great speeches of the Ancients.  Also included in this pamphlet is King’s largely extemporaneous Washington, DC speech, in front of the Lincoln Memorial. Source: transferred from a Reference Dept. vertical file; now one of only a few reported surviving copies.

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Illinois, Chicago, and Lake Forest

51. Charlevoix, P. Francois-Xavier.  Journal of a Voyage to North-America…. London: R. and J. Dodsley, 1761.  2 vols., complete with half-titles and folding map. Octavo, rebound in quarter leather. Howes C308, Graff 651.

This is the first English edition of what Wright Howes considered “the principal work of this great Jesuit traveler and historian and the pre-eminent authority on the French period in the west.”  It was published in the midst of the French and Indian Wars of 1757-63, with the French ending up ceding their territories south of the St. Lawrence and the Great Lakes to the English, opening up a new chapter in the history of this rich midwestern region.  It gives an insightful account of French Illinois on the eve of its loss to the British.  Donor: bequest of James R. Getz; purchased from Wright Howes by F.H. Taylor in 1944, it also shows the bookplate of George Terry Buckingham. 

52. Report of the Committee on the Public Lands, on the Petition of Sundry Inhabitants of the Illinois Territory, December 28, 1812.

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